AlNiCo stands for aluminum nickel cobalt. The rest of the magnet contains mostly iron (over 50%) and typically copper. These five alnico bar magnets all look the same but are very different in strength and tone. Here are the common bar magnets usedin humbuckers and P90s, explained in order of grading (which seems to follow no order whatsoever):
Alnico II has a nice vintage sound to it. Treble frequencies are very much in the forefront with this magnet. In terms of strength, it’s right in the middle of these five magnets.
Alnico III has nice, sweet tone. Great for a neck pickup. Excellent in a guitar with a maple top. I use it in my Clear Tone neck humbucker and I mix it with other magnets in some of my P90s. It really has no business being called “alnico” since it actually has no cobalt in it. It is the second to weakest in this bunch.
Alnico IV has this really cool vowel vocal sound to it and holds the bottom end quite well. I’m really getting into it. Currently, it’s in two of my neck pickups but I’m looking to try a higher output bridge pickup with this magnet. Alnico IV is the only one in the bunch without copper and is the weakest in this group.
Alnico V is really the most popular magnet here. This is the most versatile magnet of them all. Prominent treble response and a strong bass response. For the longest time, this magnet was the strongest of the group.
Alnico VIII is the strongest magnet here and has a tone similar to alnico V but really holds the bottom end quite nicely. If someone tells me that their guitar is dropped down a full step or more, this is the magnet I recommend.
I hope that this helps educate you so that you can build your signature sound.
Common mistake. A low output pickup has a brighter, clearer tone. Whereas a hotter pickup has more mids and a darker, slightly dirtier tone that helps drive your amp.
Other companies call this “mismatched coils” or “uneven coils” or “unbalanced coils”. This is an option for any Stonewall humbucker. The two coils are wound with the same wire gauge a different number of turns. This boosts the treble frequencies slightly and gives a little bit of some single coil qualities to the humbucker tone. Very popular option if you’re going for that classic tone.
Did you know that humbucking pickups have two unique sounds that come together as one? Sure, they do. One bobbin (coil) has slugs, while the other has adjustable screws. The coil with slugs has more of a treble response while the coil with screws has more bass response. The reason is that the slugs are shorter and don’t extend below the bar magnet. The long screws cause a longer magnetic field (the magnetic field has more distance to cover). Furthermore, each coil is sensing a separate section of the vibrating string. This why, if you were to put the exact same humbucker in both the neck and bridge position, the two identical pickups would sound completely different. One way you could customize your tone with Stonewall humbuckers is, when you’re ordering, you could ask for double screw bobbins for more bass response or double slug bobbins for less bass response. This option is not available for the Cherub Jazz humbucker.
A pickup is basically a coil of wire (typically copper) with a magnetic field running through it. We can then alter this design by using steel in the center of the coil with magnets below the coil, touching the steel. Alterations to the magnets, magnetic field, thickness of wire, number or turns of wire, baseplates, and covers all help shape the tone.